Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
A Federal Order is a legal document issued in response to an emergency when the Administrator of APHIS considers it necessary to take regulatory action to protect agriculture or prevent the entry and establishment into the United States of a pest or disease. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements.
Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Old World Climbing Fern.
Council or Task Force
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Everglades Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.
State and Local Government
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. TAME Invasives Portal.
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Lygodium microphyllum. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
- Langeland, K.A. and J. Hutchinson. 2016. Natural Area Weeds: Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum). University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #SS-AGR-21.
- Pemberton, R.W. 1998. The potential of biological control to manage Old World climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum), an invasive weed in Florida. American Fern Journal 88(4):176-182.
- Pemberton, R.W., J.A. Goolsby, and T. Wright. 2002. 10. Old World Climbing Fern. In: R. Van Driesche et al. (Eds.), Biological control of invasive plants in the eastern United States (FHTET-2002-04). Morgantown, West Virginia: U.S. Forest Service Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.