An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Zika Virus Disease

View all resources
Zika virus disease
Zika virus disease
Common Name: 

Zika virus disease, Zika (ZIKV)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 

On Aug 1, 2016, CDC issued guidance for people living in or traveling to a 1-square-mile area of the Wynwood neighborhood in Miami, FL, identified by the Florida Department of Health as having mosquito-borne spread of Zika. (

Means of Introduction: 

Ae. aegypti is the primary vector responsible for the current outbreak in the Americas. Ae. albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has been shown to be able to transmit Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings, although it does not yet appear to be a major vector of the virus. (Plourde and Bloch 2016; WHO 2016)


The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don't get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. (DHHS, CDC)

Current U.S. Distribution: 
There is no current local transmission of Zika virus in the continental United States, including Florida and Texas, which reported transmission of Zika virus in 2016-17 (


DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Zika virus disease (Zika or ZIKV) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.

Invasive Mosquito Project.
The Invasive Mosquito Project is aimed at monitoring invasive container-inhabiting mosquito species across the United States. By doing this monitoring, we can determine where the invasive mosquito species, as well as native species, are distributed across the U.S. and define at-risk human and animal populations based on this distribution. This citizen science project provides students, teachers, and anyone interested the opportunity to collect real data and contribute to a national mosquito species distribution study.


Google. YouTube; USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Google. YouTube; DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Zika Virus Disease.

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Atmos News.

Pan American Health Organization; Regional Office for The Americas of the World Health Organization.

Federal Government

DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Provides links and resources for State Health Departments, many of which have information about Zika virus and West Nile virus with specific state information.

DHHS. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
International Government

European Union. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.


University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.

Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

Baylor College of Medicine.


Public Library of Science.

Note: Collection of all Zika-related research published in PLOS journals; freely accessible

Note: Collection of scientific/technical articles published in Lancet journals; freely accessible
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Thomas Reuters Foundation News.