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Home / Terrestrial Invasives / Terrestrial Invertebrates / Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

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Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter
Glassy-winged sharpshooter on a grape leaf - Peggy Greb USDA, Agricultural Research Service
Scientific Name: 

Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) (Formerly known as Homalodisca coagulata) (Takiya et al. 2006)

Common Name: 

Glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), xylophagous leafhopper

Native To: 

Southeastern U.S. (Hoddle et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 

Introduced to California by 1990 (Blua et al. 1999)

Means of Introduction: 

Probably arrived in California on nursery stock from the southeastern U.S. (Blua et al. 1999)


Vector of Pierce's disease (lethal disease of grapevines) (Blua et al. 1999)


USDA. ARS. Tellus.

Rodrigo Krugner, an entomologist with the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in Parlier, California, has found an innovative way to control insect pests in California vineyards: tapping into the vibrational signals they use as mating calls.

Krugner’s efforts have mainly focused on glassy-winged sharpshooters, which spread a bacterium that causes Pierce’s disease in vineyards and costs the California grape industry an estimated $104 million a year. Growers use chemical sprays to control the pests, but insecticides also kill beneficial insects, leave residues, and become less effective as the insects develop resistance.

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural Pest Information System.
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pierce's Disease Control Program.


University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.


Google. YouTube; USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Scientists with the USDA's Agricultural Research Service in central California are using sound to control insects that spread disease in grape vineyards.

Google. YouTube; University of California. Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter.

Council or Task Force

USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

See also: Citrus Resource
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
International Government

South Australia Primary Industries and Regions (Australia).

See also: Emergency and Significant Plant Pests for more resources

State and Local Government

Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

See also: New Pest Advisories for information on new pests and diseases that have become established in Hawaii.
California Department of Food and Agriculture.

University of California - Riverside. Applied Biological Control Research.

University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY274

University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
University of California. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program.
Pest Notes are peer-reviewed scientific publications about specific pests or pest management topics, directed at California's home and landscape audiences.