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Home / Terrestrial Invasives / Terrestrial Invertebrates / Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle

Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle

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Coconut rhinoceros beetle
Coconut rhinoceros beetle, adult (dorsal) - Photo by Pest and Diseases Image Library
Scientific Name: 

Oryctes rhinoceros (Linnaeus) (CABI)

Common Name: 

Coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Asiatic rhinoceros beetle

Native To: 

Tropical regions of Asia (Marshall et al. 2017)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 

First discovered in Guam in 2007 and Hawaii in 2013 (Marshall et al. 2017)

Means of Introduction: 

Most likely arrived on construction material imported from Asia (USDA 2008)

Impact: 

Damages and kills coconut and oil palms; has also been known to attack bananas, sugarcane, papayas, sisal, and pineapple (APHIS 2014; Marshall et al. 2017)

Spotlights

DOI. Office of Insular Affairs.

The U.S. Department of the Interior’s Office of Insular Affairs (OIA) has announced $2,772,443 in Coral Reef and Natural Resources Initiative (CRNR) grant funds to protect coral reef resources in the U.S. territories and the freely associated states. The funding includes $1,541,421 that will support efforts to control and eradicate invasive species in the insular areas. Grants for fiscal year 2021 to combat invasive species have been awarded as follows:

  • University of Guam for research and related efforts to counter the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle - $866,423
  • Micronesia Conservation Trust, a regional non-governmental organization, for the eradication, control, and management of invasive species in Kosrae, Chuuk, and Yap - $300,000
  • Island Conservation, a non-profit organization, for the removal of invasive rats in Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands - $299,838
  • Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Government for Sabana Pandanus Forest control and native trees restoration project - $75,160

Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

Recently, the health of coconut palms has come under severe threat. The Pacific Community (SPC), working with Pacific Island countries and territories, and development partners, is looking for ways to meet this threat before it devastates the hopes of economic progress in the region. In August of 2017 an alert was issued identifying a new danger to the Pacific, which is causing devastation to coconut palms and expanding rapidly across the region. The new threat comes from a longstanding adversary in the region: the rhinoceros beetle.

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural Pest Information System.

Images

University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Australian Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre. Pests and Diseases Image Library.

Videos

Google. YouTube; University of Guam. Sea Grant Program.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle.

Council or Task Force
Partnership
USDAAPHISPPQCPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Tools, Apps, and Screening Aids for more identification resources
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.
Federal Government
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
International Government

Solomon Islands Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock.

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. PestNet.

State and Local Government
Academic
University of Guam. College of Natural and Applied Sciences. Research and Extension.

Citations