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Africanized Honeybee

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Africanized honey bee
Adult of the African strain of the honey bee seen at the edge of the Ngorongoro Crater - Photo by Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University
Scientific Name: 

Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier (Ellis and Ellis 2008; Sheppard and Smith 2000)

Common Name: 

Africanized honeybee, African honey bee (AHB), killer bee

Native To: 

Originally from Africa; first hybridized in South America (Kono and Kohn 2015)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 

First found in Texas in 1990 (Kono and Kohn 2015)

Means of Introduction: 

Imported to South America for honey production, where they escaped containment and hybridized with European honey bees (Kono and Kohn 2015)


More aggressive than European honeybees; negative impact on honey production industry (Kono and Kohn 2015)


University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.


Google. YouTube; National Geographic.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Africanized Honeybee.

Council or Task Force
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Federal Government

USDA. ARS. Carl Hayden Bee Research Center.

State and Local Government

San Bernardino County (California). Department of Public Health.

See also: Mosquito & Vector Control for more resources 

Tennessee Department of Agriculture.

Utah Department of Agriculture and Food.

Georgia Department of Agriculture.

Arkansas Department of Agriculture.

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Consumer Resources.

California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry Division. Plant Protection Section.

Utah State University Extension; Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory.

University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Oklahoma State University. Entomology & Plant Pathology.

University of Georgia. Extension.

Bulletin 1290

University of Arkansas. Cooperative Extension Service.

University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.

Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

University of California - Riverside. Entomology.
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

New Mexico State University. Library Digital Collections.