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Common Reed

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Common reed
Common reed, flowers - Photo by Leslie J. Mehrhoff; University of Connecticut
Scientific Name: 
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. (ITIS)
Common Name: 
Common reed
Native To: 
Native to the U.S., but the more invasive strains originated in Europe (Tulbure et al. 2007)
Date of U.S. Introduction: 
Invasive European strains probably introduced during the 1800s (Saltonstall 2002)
Means of Introduction: 
Possibly through ships' ballast (Saltonstall 2002)
Impact: 
Crowds out native species (Tewksbury et al. 2002)

Spotlights

Great Lakes Commission.

The Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative is a network of agencies, organizations and citizens who are engaged in Phragmites in some way, including management, research and communication. The Collaborative was established to facilitate communication among stakeholders across the region and serve as a resource center for information on Phragmites biology, management, and research.

See also: Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF) Strategic Plan (2020-2026). This strategic plan will guide successful implementation of PAMF by setting program-specific goals, objectives, and measures for the next five years. The PAMF core science team that developed the plan includes representatives from the Great Lakes Commission, U.S. Geological Survey, and University of Georgia.

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Maps can be downloaded and shared.

DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.

Provides detailed collection information as well as animated map.

Images

University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Videos

Google. YouTube; Nature Conservancy.

Google. YouTube; Southeast Michigan Council of Governments.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Common Reed.

Council or Task Force

Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).

See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
See also: Invasive Plants of Ohio for worst invasive plant species identified in Ohio's natural areas

Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Partnership
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Center for Conservation Science.
See also: Non-Native Plant Species List for additional factsheets (species biographies) and species risk assessment reports of non-native species present in Alaska and also non-native species currently not recorded in Alaska (potential invasives).
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Ontario Phragmites Working Group.

Great Lakes Commission. Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative.

Learn how to identify invasive Phragmites, how it differs from the native form, and information about its distribution and biological traits which contribute to its spread.

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.
Federal Government
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.

Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

State and Local Government

Thurston County Noxious Weed Control (Washington).

See also: Noxious Weed Fact Sheets for more species

Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Academic
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania

University of Minnesota. Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center.

Texas A&M University. AgriLife Extension Service. Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences.
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species: Resources for additional species information
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.

See also: Natural Resources Publications for entire "Maine Invasive Plants" series

Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

Citations