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Eurasian Ruffe

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Eurasian ruffe
Eurasian ruffe - Photo by Gary Cholwek; U.S. Geological Survey
Scientific Name: 
Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)
Acerina cernua (Linnaeus, 1758), Acerina czekanowskii (Dybowski, 1874), Acerina fischeri (Eichwald, 1873), Acerina vulgaris (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829), Perca cernua (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)
Common Name: 
Eurasian ruffe
Native To: 
Northern Europe and Asia (NAS Database)
Date of U.S. Introduction: 
Means of Introduction: 
Possibly via ballast water (NAS Database)
Competes with native species (NAS Database)
Current U.S. Distribution: 
Great Lakes

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides detailed collection information as well as animated map.


University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Eurasian Ruffe.

Council or Task Force

Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).

See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

Federal Government
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).
State and Local Government
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Fighting Invasive Species: Invasive Fish for more fact sheets
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species: Resources for additional species information
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

University of Wisconsin Sea Grant.

Tip of the Mitt Watershed Council (Michigan).


  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Gymnocephalus cernuus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
  • Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Ruffe. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].